نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
2 رئیس پژوهشگاه هوافضای وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری
عنوان مقاله [English]
The two-dimensional numerical simulation of the spray flame formed in a laminar counterflow configuration has been performed to investigate flame regimes and its effect on changes in important species and radicals. Ethanol is used as a liquid spray fuel and the skeletal mechanism of ethanol/air with 40 species and 180 preliminary reactions is used for combustion reactions. The Sauter mean diameter of fuel droplets and randomly injected into the air inlet are considered using a UDF code, and the motion of the droplets is calculated using the Lagrangian approach. The results show that the predominant flame regime is Non-Premixed in the high equivalences ratio, high strain rates and large droplet diameters. Also, the combustion reactions are suppressed in the center areas of the flame, due to the reduction of the oxidant fraction and the OH mass fraction, and the flame index is zero, which indicates the internal group of droplets in this area.