نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه آموزشی مکانیک، دانشکده فنی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری مکانیک گرایش تبدیل انرژی دانشگاه ارومیه
عنوان مقاله [English]
In piston engines, as the engine speed increases, the combustion cycle time decreases. Reducing the engine combustion cycle time, the opportunity for complete fuel combustion is reduced. As a result, in order to complete the fuel combustion, at high engine speeds, the spark plug must ignite sooner. Now that the natural gas flame is slower than gasoline, this problem is becoming more noticeable. As a result, the spark ignition timing should be increased further in CNG fuel mode than in the case of gasoline combustion. This leads to an increase in negative work during the compression phase, resulting in reduced cycle efficiency. Researchers have suggested adding hydrogen to improve natural gas combustion (HCNG). By adding hydrogen, the flammability properties of natural gas are improved. In this study, using Hydrogen generator, hydrogen and oxygen (HHO) gas is produced and consumed water by electrolysis method. The gas (HHO) produced together with the gas (CNG) is combined with the air entering the engine. Then the effect of gas (HHO-CNG) on the parameters of efficiency, power and pollution has been investigated. The results show that the thermal efficiency increases with the addition of HHO. Under these conditions, CO and UHC levels have decreased. This reduces contamination and increases efficiency due to reduced need for spark plug advance and complete fuel combustion.